Eugène Ionesco 1909 - 1994
Eugène Ionesco was one of the most important French playwrights of the 20th Century and a leading character of the “absurdist theatre”. In his drama Eugène Ionesco focuses on the question of human existence as well as the trivia of everyday life. His most renowned play in Germany “Die Nashörner” (1959) is based on his own experience in Romania. This induced Eugène Ionesco to always oppose conformism, to act against totalitarianism, which changes humans and turns them into “Nashörner”.
But even beyond his drama Eugène Ionesco always gave comment on topics such as culture and politics and impressed not a few people with his “courage to doubt” – as André Coutin states in the foreword of “Gespräche mit Eugène Ionesco”. In a time before the fall of the Iron Curtain Ionesco distances himself from French intellectuals oriented to the East, who rather maintained their silence than to speak up against social evils. The fascination spreading from Eugène Ionesco was put into words by André Coutin to which there is nothing further to add to:
“I have met a man who is more than any other clairvoyant and confused, roused and reserved.” (Wortmeldungen, Gespräche mit Eugène Ionesco, page 8)